Ohio American History & Genealogy


1816 Ohio Gazetteer
Madison to Musser's Mills

Madison, a county bounded on the north by Delaware, east by Franklin, south by Fayette, and west by Green and Champaign counties. It is about 30 miles long from north to south, by 19 broad from east to west; and contains 400 square miles. It embraces a fertile body of land, peculiarly well adapted for grazing farms. Darby, and Deer creeks are the principal waters, County seat, London; or as it is frequently called New London.

Madison, a township of Columbiana County.

Madison, a post town of Geauga County.

Madison, a township of Richland County.

Madison, a township of Licking County.

Madison, a township of Guernsey County.

Madison, a township of Gallia County, containing 415 inhabitants.

Madison, a township of Fairfield County.

Madison, a township of Fayette County.

Madison, a township of Montgomery County, west of the Miami River.

Madison, a post town of Hamilton County.

Madison, a township of Butler County.

Mad River, a large eastern branch of the Great Miami, rising in the northern parts of Champaign County, across which, and the northwestern corner of Green County, it runs in a southwestwardly direction, above 50 miles into the eastern part of Montgomery County, and falls into the Miami, just above the town of Dayton. It is descriptively named, from its mad, broken and rapid current. East fork, and King's creeks, are among its branches.

Mad River, a township of Champaign County, containing 570 inhabitants.

Manchester, a river town pleasantly situated on the bank of the Ohio, in Adams County; containing a post office and about 25 houses. Distance bellow Adamsville 8 miles, and 100 south by west from Columbus.

Mansfield, a post town and seat of justice for Richland County; containing about 30 houses, and several mercantile stores. Distance 73 miles northeasterly from Columbus. North latitude 40 47 W longitude 5 33.

Mantua, a post town of Portage County.

Maragaretts creek, a stream running from the southwest, into Hockhocking River, opposite Athens.

Marietta, a post town, and seat of justice for Washington County. It was the earliest town of much importance settled in the state, it being settled by the Ohio Company in 1787. It is beautifully situated on the western bank of the Ohio, immediately above the mouth of Muskingum River, in a township of the same name. It contains a large Presbyterian meeting house, of handsome structure, an academy, the public county buildings, a printing office, a bank, about twenty mercantile stores, and 90 dwelling houses. The people in Marietta are characterized by politeness of address, and urbanity of manners, which render their society peculiarly agreeable to persons of taste and refinement. During seven years previous to the year 1806, ship building was carried on to considerable extent. But since that period it has been suspended; but is this year recommencing.
In March 1816 a large Commercial and Exporting company was here formed and in April following, the schooner Maria, of 50 tons burden, cleared out from this port for Boston where she duly arrived. One serious inconvenience experienced by the people is its being almost annually overflowed; especially, Water, and several other streets, sometimes to the depth of eight or ten feet. The post office here is a distributing office for the mail arriving direct from Washington City to this state. Distance from Washington 315 miles west by north, 93 east by north of Chillicothe, 186 in the same direction from Cincinnati, 109 southeastwardly from Columbus, and 61 southeast from Zanesville. North latitude 39 30 West longitude 4 28.

Marietta, land district of, is a district of country, the lands in which are, and are yet to be sold at the land office in Marietta. It is a small district, including only the southern part of Belmont, and all Monroe counties, and an inconsiderable part of the northeastern corner of Washington County. There are no rivers in this district, excepting the Ohio, which washes its whole southeastern limits.

Market new, [See New Market.]

Mary's St. [See St. Mary's]

Mary's Fort St. [See Fort St. Mary's]

Massie's Creek, a stream of Green County, running westwardly into Little Miami River 4 miles above Xenia.

Mather's Town, a post town of Ashtabula County.

Maumee, a considerable river, rising in the northeastern quarter of the state of Indiana and flowing northeastwardly across the northwestern borders of the state of Ohio, into the western extremity of Lake Erie. Within 33 miles of the mouth, commence a course of shoals and rapids, extending 15 miles, below, to within 18 miles of the lake, and which, for that distance, obstruct the navigation. It is generally from 150 to 200 yards wide. The principal tributary streams are the St. Josephs, St. Mary's, and Great and little Au Glaize.

Maumee Bay, a dilation of the Maumee River for several miles from its mouth, into which sets the water of Lake Erie.

M'Cutchen's, a place in Pickaway County, at which is kept a post office.

M'Mahon's Creek, a small stream rising in the interior part of Belmont County, and running eastwardly into the Ohio River 5 miles below Wheeling creek.

Mechanicksburg, a thriving town of Champaign County, in Goshen township head of little Darby, containing 21 houses, 2 stores, a grist and saw mill. Distance, 14 miles north of east from Urbana, and 26 northeasterly from Columbus. It was laid off nearly two year ago. It is a valuable situation for water-works.

Medina, a county lying in the northern parts of the State, bounded on the north by Cuyahoga, east by Portage, south by Wayne, and west by Huron County. It is 33 miles long from east to west, by 23 broad; contains 760 square miles. It is not yet completely organized; but for judicial purposes, is attacked to Portage County. The head waters of Black and Rocky rivers are the principal waters.

Meigs Creek, a stream rising in the southeastern quarter of Muskingum County, from whence it runs 18 or 20 miles in a generally south by east direction, into the northeastern side of Muskingum river, in Washington County; 20 miles above Marietta.

Meigs, a township situated on the above mentioned creek.

Meigs, a township of Adams County.

Meigs, Fort [See Fort Meigs]

Mentor, a town of Cuyahoga County.

Mentor, a thriving agricultural township of Geauga County, on the lake shore, immediately west from Painesville.

Mesopotamia, a post township, the northeastern most in Trumbull County.

Miami River, a considerable river, rising in the Indian lands northward of Champaign County, in such a manner as to interlock with the head waters of Scioto. It runs in a southwesterly direction, above 100 miles across the northwestern corner of Champaign, & through Miami, Montgomery, Butler and Hamilton counties into the Ohio River, exactly in the southwestern, corner of the state, by a mouth 200 yards wide. Bordering upon this river are some of the finest arable lands in the state. But its navigation is not easy, on account of the rapidity of its current : it is however navigated to a limited extent 75 miles, and some of its waters approach so near those of the Au Glaize, a branch of the Maumee, that a communication is effected between them, by a portage of 5 miles. On it arc erected numerous valuable mills. Its principal branches are White Water, Southwest Branch, Loramie's creek and Mad River: those of minor size, are Indian, St. Clair, Elk, Franklin, Bear, Wolf and Fawn creeks on the west, and Stoney Musketoe, Spring, Lost, Honey, Hole, Clear and Dick's creeks on the east. Its mouth is in north latitude 39 degrees 4 minutes, and west longitude 7 degrees 47 minutes.

Miami Little. [See Little Miami.]

Miami, of the lake [See Maumee.]

Miami, a western county, through the central part of which runs the Great Miami River. It is bounded on the north by Indian lands, east by the county of Champaign, south by Montgomery, and west by Dark County. It is 34 miles in extent from north to south, by 20 from cast to west; and contains about 600 square miles. It contains the towns of Piqua, Troy, Staunton and Livingston: of which Troy is the county seat. The principal waters are the Miami River, the Southwest Branch and Loramie's creek;

Miami, a new town laid out the present year, on the western hank of the Great Miami River, 15 miles from its mouth. It is situated in Hamilton County, 16 miles northwesterly from Cincinnati, on the road leading from thence to Brookville, in the State of Indiana. This town promises to become a place of considerable business.

Miami, a township of Champaign County.

Miami, also a township of Green County.

Miami Country, all the southwestern quarter of the state watered by the two Miami Rivers, is frequently designated by this appellation. This tract of country composes the greater part of Cincinnati land District and a part of the Virginia Military lands. It comprises the eleven counties of Champaign, Green, Clinton, Clermont, Hamilton, Warren, Butler, Preble, Montgomery, Miami and Dark. The Miami Country maybe estimated, in round numbers, to contain 5000 square miles, or 3 200 000 acres. For a more particular notice see the description of Cincinnati land district, and of each county respectively Dr. Drake of Cincinnati, has likewise recently published a correct, extensive and able statistical and topographical account of this section of the state.

Miami University, the name of a literary institution chartered some years since, and located in the town of Oxford, in Butler County. But owing to certain circumstances, it has not succeeded to any useful purpose.

Middleton, a township of Columbiana County.

Middletown, the former name of a town in the northeastern quarter of Fairfield County. For a further notice of it see Somersett.

Middletown, a small town of Hamilton County.

Middletown, a small post town of Butler County, containing two mercantile stores. It is situated on the east side of Miami River, 6 miles below Franklin, 29 north from Cincinnati, and 80 southwesterly from Columbus.

Mifflin, a township of Richland County.

Mifflin, a township of Pike County.

Mifflin, also a township of Franklin County.

Milford, the name of a township in Ashtabula County, adjoining the township of Jefferson on the southeast.

Milford, a town of Butler comity.

Milford, a post town of Clermont County on the west bank of Little Miami River, 12 miles from its mouth.

Milford, a post town of Hamilton County.

Mill Creek, a large and valuable mill stream rising in the northern part of Champaign County, and running from thence in an east by south direction into the west side of Scioto River, 6 miles below Fulton's creek.

Mill Creek, a large mill stream of Butler and Hamilton counties, running south by west into the Ohio River, 3 miles below Cincinnati.

Mill Creek, a stream running into the Ohio River, a short distance below Marietta.

Mill Creek, a settlement designated by this name, in Cuyahoga County, in which is a post office.

Miller, a township of Knox County.

Mills Creek, an eastern branch of Grand River, running westwardly into Grand River, in the town of Austinburg.

Milville, a town of Butler County.

Military lands, [See Ohio Lands.]

Milton, a post town of Miami County, 8 miles southwesterly from Troy.

Milton, a post town in Trumbull County.

Mingo Bottom, a tract of fertile bottom or meadow land, on the west bank of the Ohio River 2 miles below Steubenville.

Mohiccan Creek, a western branch of White woman's river rising in the northern parts of Richland County, and running In a south by east direction between 40 and 50 miles into the interior of Coshocton County. Its tributaries are Owl creek, Muddy, Clear and Mansfield forks.

Mohiccan, a township of Wayne County.

Monday Creek, a stream running southwardly into the northern side of Hockhocking River, in the western part of Athens County.

Monroe, a river county, bounded on the north by Belmont County, east, by the Ohio River, south by Washington and Guernsey counties. It is 28 by 18 miles in extent; and contains an area of about 480 square miles. It is divided into the four following townships, namely Center or Woodsfield, Jackson, Salem & Seneca. County seat, Woodsfield. The lands are generally exceedingly hilly and rough; although part is even and fertile Sunfish, Little Muskingum and Duck Creek, are its principal streams, all running into the Ohio River, which washes its whole eastern boundary. Coal mines and iron ore thought to be of an excellent quality, have been discovered on Sunfish creek.

Monroe, a town of Highland County.

Monroe, a township of Licking County.

Montgomery, a populous and wealthy county bounded on the north by Miami, east by Green, south by Warren and Butler, and on the west by Preble counties. It is 23 by 21 miles in extent: and contains about 480 square miles. Its principal streams are Miami River, the South West Branch or Stillwater, Mad River together with Wolf, Hale's, Bear, and Franklin creeks. The Miami River runs through the county from north to south; eastwardly however from the middle. The county is divided into eight townships, as follow, beginning on the north: Wayne, Dayton and Washington, on the east side of Miami River, and Randolph, Madison, Jefferson, Jackson and German, on the west. Dayton and Wayne however extend across on to the West side of the river. The towns are Dayton, the county seat, North Dayton, Centerville, Alexandersville, York, Uniontown, Libertytown and Germantown. It contains a population of 13,735; and a valuation of 2,830,963 dollars. The land is generally excellent for farming. East of the Miami River the land is mostly uneven, excepting along and adjacent to Mad River, where extensive and valuable prairies, present themselves to the eye of the beholder.

Montgomery, a central township of Franklin County, in which is situated the town of Columbus.

Montgomery, a post town of Hamilton County, 18 miles northeasterly from Cincinnati.

Moorfield, a township in Champaign County, containing 57 inhabitants.

Morgan, a post town of Ashtabula County.

Morgan, a township of Knox County.

Morgantown, a small town of Clinton County.

Morris, a township of Knox County.

Morristown, a small post town in Belmont comity, on the great road leading from Wheeling in Virginia to Zanesville, 10 miles west from St. Clairsville, and 120 easterly from Columbus.

Moscow, a new town in Wayne County, on Sugar creek, 10 miles from Wooster, on the road leading from thence to Canton.

Mosser's, a place in Tuscarawas County in which is kept a post office.

Mount Pleasant, a thriving post town in the south part of Jefferson County, containing seven stores, a school and market houses of brick; and a brick meeting house 92 by 60 feet area two stories high belonging to the Mends: and within 6 miles around, are eleven flouring mills, twelve saw-mills, a paper mill with two vats, and a woolen cloth factory, beside two common fulling mills. Distance 10 miles northeasterly from St. Clairsville in Belmont County, and 20 southwesterly from Steubenville.

Mount Vernon, a flourishing post town and seat of justice for Knox County. It is handsomely situated on the north bank of Owl creek, 20 miles from its mouth. This town contains about 80 dwelling houses, 400 inhabitants, 8 stores, a bank, a printing office, a brick court house and goal, a merchant mill and a saw mill, and within six miles, there are nine grist and saw mills, 3 carding machines, one of which is for cotton. Distance, 40 miles west from Coshocton, 50 northwesterly from Zanesville, and 44 northeasterly from Columbus. North latitude 40 24 West longitude 5 32.

Moxahala, a considerable creek, rising in the eastern part of Fairfield County, and running a northeastwardly direction 18 or 20 miles across Muskingum comity into the Muskingum River three miles below Zanesville. Moxahala is the old Indian name of this stream; but it is now most generally known by the appellation of Jonathan's creek.

Muddy Creek, a small stream in the southwestern part of Clermont co. running southerly into the Ohio River.

Muddy Fork, a considerable stream running through and along almost the whole western border of Wayne County, into the east side of Mohiccan creek.

Muskingum River, the largest river running its whole distance in the state. It rises in the southern borders of the Connecticut Western Reserve, and flows in a remarkably winding but generally southwardly direction across Stark, Tuscarawas, Coshocton, Muskingum, and Washington counties, into the Ohio River at Marietta, by a mouth 250 yards wide. It is navigable, with large batteaux, to Coshocton above 100 miles according to its various windings, and with smaller craft, 45 miles farther into a small lake; from whence, with one mile portage, a water communication is effected through Cuyahoga River into Lake Eric. At Zanesville however, its navigation is materially obstructed by considerable falls, which however afford many excellent mill seats. A company was incorporated, in 1814, for constructing a canal and locks around these falls and the company are now rapidly progressing in the accomplishment of the object of their incorporation. As the work will he expensive, the estimated expense being from 70,000 to 100,000 dollars, the company, intend to unite with the canal, extensive water works for manufacturing purposes and are vested with banking powers under the title of The Zanesville Canal and Manufacturing Company. The principal branches of Muskingum River are Licking, White Woman's, and Wills' creeks; beside the main stream, which, above Coshocton, is frequently called Tuscarawas creek or river. Its minor, tributaries are Wolf, Coal, Meigs, Salt, Johnathan's, Wakatomika, Stillwater, Sugar, Connoten, Nimishillen, and Indian creeks. In numerous places along this river, and its various branches are considerable tracts of valuable land although the country bordering upon it, for the distance of above 40 miles below Zanesville, is generally hilly.

Muskingum, little. [See Little Muskingum.]

Muskingum, a large county bounded on the north by Coshocton, east by Guernsey, south by Washington and Fairfield, and west by Fairfield and Licking counties. It is 29 by 30 miles in extent and contains about 820 square miles. It contains a population of 11,200 inhabitants, among whom are 2238 voters; who are entitled to two representatives and one senator in the state Legislature. Total valuation, 1,671,301 dollars. Muskingum County is divided into the fifteen following townships namely, Zanesville, West Zanesville, Springfield, Union, Salt Creek, Highland, Madison, Blue Rock, Newton, Harrison, Linking, Falls, Jackson, Jefferson, and Clayton. Its principal waters are the Muskingum and Licking rivers, Salt, Jonathan's or Moxahala, and Wakatomika creeks. In numerous places adjacent to and in the bed and valley of the Muskingum River, are extensive and almost inexhaustible beds of stone coal, which the people in and about Zanesville chiefly use for the principal part of their fuel. The land throughout the county, is generally hilly, and of a thin soil. But the uncommon natural advantages for mills and factories, to be propelled either by water or steam, which concentrate in and about Zanesville, combine to render this an important point in the state. County seat Zanesville.

Musqueto Creek, a small stream of Trumbull County, in the vicinity of which is kept a post office.

Musser's Mills, a place in Columbiana County, where is kept a post office.

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Source: The Ohio Gazetteer or Topographical Dictionary, by John Kilbourn, A. M.,
Smith & Griswold Printers, Columbus, Nov. 1816



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