Salem, a flourishing post township in the northeast corner of the state in Ashtabula County. Among other mills, it contains one or two iron works; but is principally settled by farmers.
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Salem, also the name of a town, and township in the northern borders of Jefferson County.
Salem, likewise the name of a township on the Muskingum River, in Tuscarawas County, in which are situated the villages of Gnadenhutten and Goshen.
Salem, a township of Washington County.
Salem, also a township of Gallia County, containing 145 inhabitants.
Salem, likewise a township of Champaign County, containing 460 inhabitants.
Salem, new, also a small but thriving post town of Columbiana County, 10 miles north by northwestwardly from New Lisbon.
Salisbury, a township of Gallia County, containing 825 inhabitants. Through this township runs Leading creek, which has considerable fertile land upon its borders.
Salt Creek, a small stream running into the east side of Muskingum River, 8 miles below Zanesville: in the neighborhood of which is a post office.
Salt Creek, a considerable stream running into the Scioto River from the east, 15 miles below Chillicothe. It is formed by three principal streams; the southeastern most rises about the Salines called the Scioto salt works, near the center of Jackson County: the middle is a small branch; and the northeastern most, rises in the western border of Fairfield County, and after running across a corner of Pickaway, and the whole breadth of Ross County, in a southwardly direction, above 30 miles, joins the other branches about four miles from the mouth of the joint stream. These several streams furnish many excellent mill seats; several of which are already improved. At the Scioto salt works, considerable quantities of salt are annually made. In the neighborhood of these works it is contemplated to locate the site of the future seat of justice for Jackson County.
Sandusky Bay, a large sheet of water, about 20 miles in length, by from 3 to 4 broad, in the north part of the state. It communicates with Lake Erie by a narrow straight: and lies in an east and west direction. Carrying river approaches, in its extreme eastern bend, so near the western extremity of the bay, as to leave but a very narrow isthmus; and the land thus almost enclosed by the lake, Sandusky Bay, and carrying river, is called a peninsula.
Sandusky River, a northern river rising within the western limits of Richland county, whence it runs in a northeastwardly direction about 20 miles, to Upper Sandusky, and thence northwardly 50 miles, across the Indian country, into Sandusky bay, near its western extremity. It is, generally, a rapid stream, but is still navigable, when the waters are moderately high. Among its branches are Tyemochtee, Honey and Wolf creeks. It has been a subject of much speculation, to ascertain whether a direct line of water communication might not be obtained between Lake Erie and the Ohio River, through the channels of this and the Scioto Rivers. A batteaux navigation, upon this line of communication, is now in fact, frequently had with only 4 miles portage. But whether this line of communication can ever be effected, so as to become practically beneficial, remains yet to be ascertained.
Sandusky Plains, are several extensive regions of champaign, and almost perfectly level country, bordering upon and especially around the head waters of Sandusky River. On some parts of these plains are copses of oak and other trees; while great portions of the country, as far as the eye can reach, are totally destitute of timber, and covered, in the summer season, with a rank wild grass, five or six feet high. On these plains, wander and feed numerous herds of cattle, belonging to the Wyandot and other tribes of Indians, and also to several white inhabitants settled at the several stations along Sandusky River.
Sandusky, Upper, and Lower; two stations on Sandusky River called by these names respectively; as the latter is within a few miles of the mouth of said river, and the former 40 miles above. See Forts Ferree, and Stephenson.
Sandusky, a new town latterly surveyed off, on the southern shore of Sandusky Bay 25 miles easterly from Fort Stephenson.
Sandy Creek, a stream of Columbiana and Stark counties, running 15 or 18 miles southwestwardly into Nimishillen creek.
Sandy, a township of Stark County.
Sandy Store a place at which is kept a post office in Columbiana County.
Schoenbrunn, a Moravian missionary settlement on the Muskingum River in Tuscarawas County 3 miles below New Philadelphia. The name signifies clear spring.
Scioto, a river, the second in magnitude of those flowing entirely within the state. It rises in a morass a few miles northerly of the Indian boundary line above Champaign county; runs firstly a northeastwardly direction 10 miles, thence southeastwardly 50 more, where it receives Little Scioto from the northeast, and there it gradually turns into a south by east, and finally into a generally south direction 130 miles further, when it empties into the Ohio river between Portsmouth and Alexandria, by a mouth 150 yards wide. It is navigable 130 miles. Immediately above Columbus it receives Whetstone creek, from the north, which is navigable in some seasons of the year, to Worthington, 9 miles. Its other principal tributary streams are Big Walnut, Lower Walnut and Salt creeks from the east, and Paint, Deer, Darby, Mill and Bokes creeks from the west. Extensive bodies of valuable land are situated adjacent, either immediately upon, or in the neighborhood of this river: and that region of the state bordering upon it, is frequently designated by the name of the Scioto country.
Scioto Country, is that portion of the interior and southern part of the state, which is watered by the Scioto River and its numerous branches. Delaware, Franklin, Madison, Fayette, Pickaway, Ross, Pike, Jackson, and Scioto counties, compose that portion of the state thus designated. The main Scioto River runs from north to south across, and nearly through the middle of all these counties, excepting Madison, Fayette, and Jackson, which are situated on some of its tributaries. It extends about 130 miles from north to south, and, upon a medium, 40 from east to west. It may therefore be considered, in round numbers, as containing 5,200 square miles, or 3,328,000 acres. The northern parts are very level, fertile, and peculiarly well adapted for grazing farms. But that same quality of the ground, which causes its fertility, also renders it very bad for roads, unless considerable labor is bestowed upon them; much more indeed than actually is bestowed. The land in the middle parts, through Pickaway and Ross counties, are more elevated, dry and rolling; consequently, extraordinarily well adapted for the production of grain of the various kinds, which it produces in abundance. South of Ross County, the lands are rough, hilly, and comparatively sterile, excepting the meadows along the runs, and an inconsiderable portion of the upland, which is remarkably fertile.
Scioto Salt Works, a place where considerable salt is made, on a tract of land reserved by the United States, in the center of Jackson County, and 28 miles southeastwardly from Chillicothe.
Scioto, little [See Little Scioto.]
Scioto, a township of Ross County, in which the town of Chillicothe is situated.
Scioto, a township of Delaware County.
Scioto, a river county, hounded on the north by Pike, east by Jackson and Lawrence counties, south by the Ohio River, and west by Adams County. It is 28 miles long from east to west, and of very irregular breadth, containing about 470 square miles. It contains 3,870 inhabitants and property valued at 466,748 dollars. Seat of justice Portsmouth. Scioto River flows through the middle of this county. The land is generally uneven, and of an indifferently good quality.
Seneca, a military station, during the late war, on the Western side of Sandusky River, 9 miles above or southerly from Ft. Stephenson.
Seneca, a township of Guernsey County.
Senecaville, also a settlement or town in the same county.
Shade River, a rivulet formed by the junction of several very winding creeks in the lower borders of Athens County. It runs southeastwardly into the Ohio River; and turns several mills in its passage.
Shalersville, a township of Portage County.
Shane, a recently laid out town, on Sugar creek in Tuscarawas County. It is thriving, having already several mechanics settled in it, and two stores.
Sharon, a post town of Ashtabula County.
Sharon, a township of Portage County.
Sharon, a township in the northern part of Franklin County, containing 635 inhabitants.
Short Creek, a township of Harrison County.
Silver Creek, a township of Green County, in which is laid out the village of Jamestown.
Sippo, a creek running southwestwardly from the eastern limits of Pickaway County, along the southern borders of Pickaway plains, into the Scioto River, 5 miles below Circleville.
Smithfield, a small town on the great road leading from Zanesville to Wheeling in Virginia; 15 miles easterly from Cambridge, and 100 eastward from Columbus.
Smithfield, a flourishing post town of Jefferson County.
Solomon's Town, an Indian settlement near the head of Great Miami River, upon the military road from. Urbana to Ft. Meigs, 17 miles southerly from Fort M'Arthur.
Somers, a township of Preble County.
Somersett, a post town in the northeastern part of Fairfield County. It is situated in Reading Township, on the great road from Zanesville to Lancaster, about 18 miles distant from each: and from this equality of its distance from those two considerable towns, it was formerly called Middletown. It contains 7 stores, a small market house, and about 50 dwelling houses. Its situation is elevated, and commands an extensive prospect in every direction.
Southwest Branch, or Stillwater, a large tributary stream of the Great Miami River. It rises in the north western parts of Dark County; and runs thence 50 miles in somewhat a south eastwardly direction across the southwestern borders of Miami County into Montgomery, where it empties into the Miami, on its western side, a short distance above but opposite the mouth of Mad river.
Sprigg, a township of Adams County.
Springfield, a township of Jefferson County.
Springfield, a township of Portage County.
Springfield, a township of Columbiana County.
Springfield, a township of Richland County.
Springfield, also a township of Gallia County; containing 300 inhabitants.
Springfield, a township in Champaign County, containing 1050 inhabitants.
Springfield, a flourishing post town in the above township, containing eight mercantile stores; and the mechanical shops usual in country towns; beside an extensive woolen cloth factory. It stands on an eastern fork of Mad River, 13 miles southerly from Urbana; and 42 west from Columbus.
Springfield, a township of Montgomery County.
Springfield, also the former name of the town of Putnam.
Springfield, a post town of Hamilton County, 12 miles north of Cincinnati.
St. Albans, a township of Licking County.
St. Clair, fort [See Ft. St. Clair]
St. Clair, a township of Columbiana County.
St. Clair, a township of Butler County.
St. Clair's Creek, a stream rising in the upper part of Preble County, from thence running southwardly above 30 miles, past the old fort St. Clair into Butler County, where it enters the Great Miami River, a little below the town of Hamilton, on the opposite side of the river.
St. Clairsville, a flourishing post town and scat of justice for Belmont County. Its position is high and commanding. The circumjacent country is hilly, but produces large crops of grain. This town "contains a courthouse, jail and market house, also, one house for public worship for friends, one for Methodists and one for Presbyterians, situated immediately contiguous; also two printing offices, 15 stores," a bank, and about 700 inhabitants. St. Clairsville is situated on the great road leading westwardly from Wheeling in Virginia, to the interior of the state. It is distant 11 miles west from Wheeling, 70 eastwardly from Zanesville, and 130 in the same direction from Columbus. North latitude 40 8, West longitude 3 55.
St. Clairsville, also a rapidly improving town, in Adams County. It is situated between Hill's and Rattlesnake Forks of Eagle creek.
St. Mary's, a considerable river, rising in the Indian country near the source of Loramie's creek, running thence northwestwardly 40 miles into the state of Indiana, and from thence 26 miles northwardly, into the Maumee River at Ft. Wayne. It is navigable with batteaux to Ft. Mary's near its source.
St. Mary's, Fort. [See Ft. St. Mary's.]
Stark, a county bounded on the north by Portage, east by Columbiana, south by Tuscarawas, and west by Wayne counties. It is nearly 30 miles square, containing 800 square miles. It contains 6,625 inhabitants, and property valued at 1,394,639 dollars. The towns of Canton, Osnaburg, Kendall and Lexington, are in this county; the former of which is the seat of justice. Tuscarawas, Nimishillen, and Sandy creeks, are the principal waters.
Starr, a township of Athens County.
Stanton, a thriving town on the Ohio River, in Clermont County, immediately below Red Oak creek.
Staunton, a post town of some business on the eastern bank of Miami River, in Miami County, 1 mile east from Troy.
Stedmansville, a post town of Athens County, in Orange Township.
Steubenville, a flourishing river town and seat of justice for Jefferson County. It contains 350 dwelling houses, and 2100 inhabitants. Here are also the usual county buildings, two meeting houses, an academy, two banks, 30 stores, a land, a post, and a printing office; beside a steam engine putting into motion a flour and a paper mill, a cotton and a woolen factory: Here is likewise an iron foundry, a brewery and distillery. Numerous branches of mechanical business are here extensively and perseveringly prosecuted. Distance 36 miles west by south from Pittsburg, 25 northeasterly from St. Clairsville, and 144 east by north from Columbus. North latitude 40 25, West longitude 3 40.
Steubenville, land district of, includes all Columbiana, Jefferson and Harrison counties, and parts of Stark, Tuscarawas, Guernsey and Belmont counties. It contains extensive bodies of valuable land. A considerable part of the district however is very hilly, and of an indifferently good soil, especially the southern parts.
Stillwater, a creek rising from several sources, in the lower parts of Harrison and the northwestern quarter of Belmont counties, and thence running 25 miles northwestwardly into Muskingum river, 8 miles below New Philadelphia in Tuscarawas County.
Stillwater. [See Southwest Branch.]
Stock, a township of Harrison County.
Stokes, a township in the southwestern corner of Madison County.
Stover's Creek, a small stream of Lawrence County, running southerly into the Ohio River, 9 miles above the upper end of French Grant.
Stoney Creek, a run putting into the east side of the Miami River, in the north western quarter of Champaign County.
Stonelick, a stream rising in the southwestern quarter of Clinton County, and from thence running southwestwardly 18 miles into the north side of the East branch of Little Miami River in Clermont, County.
Stow, a post town of Portage County.
Strait Creek, a stream 10 or 12 miles long, running into the Ohio River, in the southeastern quarter of Clermont County.
Sugar Creek, a township of Tuscarawas County, in which is laid out the town of Shanesville.
Sugar Creek, a township of Wayne County.
Sugar Creek, also a township of Green County.
Sunday Creek, a stream of Athens County, running from the northeast into Hockhocking river, in Dover Township.
Sunbury, a flourishing township in the eastern part of Delaware County.
Sunbury, also a new town laid off in October, 1816, in a central part of the above mentioned township.
Sunfish, a creek rising in the western part of Monroe County, and running 18 or 20 miles eastwardly into the Ohio River 7 miles below Captina creek, and 22 miles below Indian Wheeling.
Sunfish, a township of Pike County.
Sway Creek, a small stream putting into the Ohio River, in Gallia County, 2 miles below 18 mile creek.
Symmes' Creek, a stream rising among the barren hills upon the confines of Gallia and Jackson counties; whence it runs about 35 miles southwardly into and across Lawrence County where it joins the Ohio River, 3 miles below Guyandot creek.
Symmes' Patent, a tract of 411,682 acres of land in the southwestern quarter of the state, between the Great and Little Miami rivers. It borders on the Ohio River a distance of 27 miles, and extends so far back from the latter, as to include the quantity of land just mentioned. It was patented to John Cleves Symmes, in 1794; for 67 cents per acre. Every 16th section, or mile square, in each township was reserved by Congress for the use of schools, and sections 29 for the support of religious institutions, beside 15 acres around Fort Washington, in Cincinnati. This tract of country is now one of the most valuable in the state.
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Source: The Ohio Gazetteer or Topographical Dictionary, by John Kilbourn, A. M.,
Smith & Griswold Printers, Columbus, Nov. 1816
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