Ohio American History & Genealogy

State of Ohio
Description and statistics from the 1843 Gazetteer Of The United States Of America
by Daniel Haskel A. M. and J. Calvin Smith

Ohio, the northeastern of the Western States, is bounded north by Michigan and Lake Erie; east by Pennsylvania and Virginia; south by the Ohio River, which separates it from Virginia and Kentucky; and west by Indiana. It is between 38 30' and 42 north latitude, and between 80 35' and 84 47' west longitude, d. between 3 31' and 7 41' west longitude from west. It is 210 miles long from north to south, and 200 miles broad from east to west; containing 40,000 square miles, or 25,600,000 acres. The population in 1790 was 3,000; in 1800, 45,365; in 1810, 230,760; in 1820, 581,434; in 1830, 937,637; in 1840, 1,519,467; being the third in population in the United States. Of these, 775,360 were white males; 726,762 were white females; 8,740 were free colored males; 8,602 were free colored females. Employed in agriculture, 272,579; in commerce, 9,201; in manufactures and trades, 66,265; in mining, 704; navigating the ocean, 212; navigating the rivers, canals, and lakes, 3,323; learned professions, 5,663.

This state is divided into 79 counties, which, with their population in 1840, and their capitals are as follows:   Continued...

Welcome to The American History and Genealogy Project (AHGP), an unincorporated not-for-profit network of independent sites devoted to History & Genealogy, and covering North American Countries and Territories. For more information about our group, including how you can join us, please see our About page.

This is is a central point of entry to independent not-for-profit web sites with historical or genealogical content for the state of Ohio.

Ohio County Table

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Ohio Gazetteer 1816

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Ohio was the 17th U.S. state to join the Union, doing so on 19 February 1803, when the U.S. Congress accepted the notice from the territory's constitutional convention. Due to changes in practice over time, there is a common misperception that Ohio was not properly admitted to the Union until 150 years later.

The history of Ohio, however, began much earlier, with the arrival of Native Americans in the region.

Area:  44,828 square miles (Ohio is the 34th largest state in the USA)

Capitol:  Columbus

Metros:  Akron, Canton/Massillon, Cincinnati/Middletown (Greater Cincinnati), Cleveland/Elyria/Mentor (Greater Cleveland), Columbus, Dayton, Lima, Mansfield, Sandusky, Springfield, Toledo (Greater Toledo), & Youngstown/Warren/Boardman

Economy:  Ohio, a major producer of machines, tools, and other products, is one of the leading industrial states. As part of the Midwestern Corn Belt, agriculture also plays an important role in the state's economy. In addition, however, Ohio's historical attractions, varying landscapes, and recreational opportunities are the basis for a thriving tourist industry. Over 2,500 lakes and 70,000 kilometers of river landscapes are a paradise for boaters, fishermen, and swimmers. Of special historical interest are the Native American archeological sites -- including grave mounds and other sites.  Ohio's 1999 total gross state product was $362 billion, placing it 7th in the nation. Its 2000 Per Capita Personal Income was $28,400, 19th in the nation. Ohio's agricultural outputs are soybeans, dairy products, corn, tomatoes, hogs, cattle, poultry and eggs. Its industrial outputs are transportation equipment, fabricated metal products, machinery, food processing, and electric equipment.


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