Ohio American History & Genealogy

1816 Ohio Gazetteer
Lake to Ludlow's Line

Lake, a township of Wayne County.

Lake, a township of Champaign County, containing 555 inhabitants.

Lake Erie, [See Erie.]

Lancaster, a flourishing post town, and seat of justice for Fairfield County. It is handsomely situated in the center of the county, in Hocking township, near the source of Hockhocking River, on the road leading from Zanesville to Chillicothe. It contains between 100 and 200 houses, and a population of 6 or 700 inhabitants. Here are likewise 12 mercantile stores, a handsome court house and jail, a Methodist meeting house, a bank, an English and German printing office, from which are published weekly newspapers in both languages, and a market-house, with a market on Wednesdays and Saturdays. Various kinds of mechanical business are likewise here industriously prosecuted. Distance 28 miles southeasterly from Columbus, 36 southwesterly from Zanesville, and 84 northeasterly from Chillicothe. North latitude 39 45, West longitude 5 35.

Lands, Ohio companies, United States military, Congress, &c. &c. [See Ohio Lands.]

Lanier, a township of Preble County.

Lawrence, a river county, recently established; bounded on the north by Jackson, and east by Gallia counties, south by the Ohio River and west by Scioto County. It is generally a very hilly and barren tract of country, and is not much settled. Symmes and Indian Guyandot creeks, water the eastern parts. It has so few inhabitants that it is not yet organized, nor is it intended shortly to be.

Lawrence, a township of Stark county.

Lawrence, a township of Tuscarawas County, in which are situated the towns of Lawrenceville and Sandyville.

Lawrenceville, a new town laid out the present year, exactly in the center of Madison County.

Leading Creek, a stream rising in the southern part of Athens County, which, after running 15 or 16 miles in a southeasterly direction into the upper part of Gallia County, runs into the Ohio River in Salisbury, 17 miles above Gallipolis.

Lebanon, a flourishing post town and seat of justice for Warren County. It lies 4 miles westerly of the Little Miami, between two branches of Turtle creek. It contains a courthouse, school house, a baptist and Methodist meeting houses, all of brick, and a stone jail. Here are likewise a printing office and a library company, a bank and two market houses. Mechanical business, of various kinds, are extensively pursued. It is eligibly situated between the two Miami Rivers, in the midst of a fertile and wealthy country, and therefore promises to become an inland town of considerable consequence. Distance-23 miles southerly from Dayton, 80 southwesterly from Columbus, and 31 northeasterly from Cincinnati. North latitude 39 23, West longitude 7 5.

Lebanon, a township of Gallia County, containing 460 inhabitants.

Lebanon, a township of Ashtabula County.

Leesburg, a flourishing town of Tuscarawas County.

Leesburg, a town of Champaign County.

Lee's Creek, a brook in the north part of Highland and southwestern pail of Fayette counties, running eastwardly into the Rattlesnake fork of Paint creek. Letart's rapids, a rapid current of the Ohio River for a short distance, occasioned by the abrupt projection of a steep hill into the river, around which the water is driven with considerable rapidity. These rapids are about 25 miles below Shade River according to the windings of the Ohio.

Letart, a township of Gallia County, containing 265 inhabitants.

Letart's Rapids, a rapid current of the Ohio River for a short distance, occasioned by the abrupt projection of a steep hill into the river, around which the water is driven with considerable rapidity. These rapids are about 25 miles below Shade River according to the windings of the Ohio.

Lewistown, an Indian settlement, a few miles above the northern limits of Champaign County.

Lexington, a small town in the northeastern corner of Stark County.

Lexington, new, a post town in the eastern part of Preble County, on twin creek, upon the road from Dayton to Eaton. Distance 6 miles east from Eaton, 19 west from Dayton, and 85 west by south from Columbus.

Liberty, a post town of Trumbull County.

Liberty, a township in the south part of Delaware County.

Liberty, a township of Fairfield County.

Liberty, a township of Butler County.

Liberty, a village of Jefferson township, in Montgomery County, 9 miles west from Dayton.

Licking, an interior county, bounded on the north by Knox, east by Muskingum, south by Fairfield, and on the west by Franklin and Delaware counties. It is 30 miles long, from east to west, and 24 broad from north to south ; containing 700 square miles. It is divided into the fourteen following townships, viz: Newark, Granville, Newton, Licking, Union, Washington, Bowling Green, Hanover, Monroe, Franklin, Madison, St. Albans, Hopewell and Bennignton. It likewise contains the towns of Newark, the county seat, Granville, Johnstown and Fairfield. The population is 6400, and the valuation of property 1,122,618 dollars.
The greater part of the county of Licking lies well for cultivation. The soil is extremely fertile, and the innumerable ramifications of Licking creek through every part of the county, render it perhaps, one of the finest watered parts of the state of Ohio; and afford the greatest opportunities for water machinery of every description. Extensive beds of iron ore have been discovered in this county, and preparations are now making for erecting several furnaces, forges &c. A bloomery, for the manufacture of bar iron, has been in successful operation here, for several months past. The iron made is of an excellent quality.

Licking, the name of a township in the above mentioned county.

Licking creek, a large western branch of the Muskingum River. It is formed by the confluence, at and near Newark, of three principal branches, all rising in the western parts of Licking County. Its general direction may be considered eastward, until entering Muskingum County, when it gradually turns southeastwardly, and enters the Muskingum River opposite Zanesville. At its mouth, and 4 miles above are considerable falls, both of which furnish valuable mill seats: of which those 4 miles up the creek, are far the largest. On these falls are already erected an extensive iron works, and furnace, a flour, saw, and other mills.

Lisbon, a small town in Champaign County.

Lisbon, new. [See New Lisbon.]

Little Beaver, a settlement of Columbiana County, in which is kept a post office. [See Beaver, Little.)

Little Hockhocking, an inconsiderable stream in the south part of Washington County running into the Ohio River, 5 miles above the mouth of the Great Hockhocking.

Little Indian creek, a small stream of Clermont County, putting into the Ohio River 2 miles below Big Indian creek

Little Miami, a River rising in the southwestern corner of Madison County, and after running southwestwardly above 70 miles across Green, Warren and Hamilton counties, joins the Ohio 7 miles above Cincinnati. This is one of the best mill streams in the state: 30 or 40 mills, among which, one or two are paper mills, are already erected upon it. The principal streams running into it arc, East branch, Shawnoe, Obannon, Turtle, Todd's fork, Caesar's and Massie's creeks on the eastern side, and Sugar and Beaver creeks on the west. "For navigation, it is of little consequence, but for mills, is preferable to the Great Miami. About 100 miles from its mouth, in the county of Green, it has some remarkable falls, which amount perhaps to 200 feet. The stream at this distance, much reduced in width, enters a chasm in the silicious lime stone rocks, which underlay that quarter: in the course of a mile, it is precipitated from several successive tables, when being compressed to less than ten yards, it falls from a ledge of rocks, 6 or 8 feet, into a narrower fissure of such great depth, that for several rods below there is no perceptible current. The sides of the fissure, which rise by estimation, 50 feet above the surface of the water, are irregular; but correspond in such a manner as to suggest that they were formerly in contact. From this point the rapids continue more than a mile. The chasm widening and deepening* gradually terminates in the broad valley, through which the stream afterward flows."

Little Muskingum, a small stream rising in Monroe County; which, after running 25 or 30 miles southwestwardly, enters the Ohio River 3 miles above Marietta.

Little Scioto, a rivulet rising in Jackson County, running 15 or 20 miles in a south by west direction, across Scioto County, and falls in the Ohio River 8 miles above Portsmouth.

Little Scioto, also the name of a creek which rises in Sandusky plains near the source of Sandusky River. It winds along in a serpentine southwestwardly direction through and along the southern borders of the plains, and enters the east side of the main Scioto River, 5 miles above the boundary line.

Little Yellow Creek, an inconsiderable stream putting into the Ohio River, in Columbiana County, 6 miles below Fawcettstown.

Livingston, a small town on tire northeastern borders of Pickaway plains 3 miles southeasterly from Circleville.

Livingston, also a small town on the east side of Miami River, in the southern part of Miami County, 15 miles northerly from Dayton and 62 west from Columbus. London, new, is a post town and seat of justice for Madison County. It contains three stores, and is becoming a place of some business. Distance 25 miles west by south from Columbus.

Londonderry, a town of Guernsey County.

Long bottom, a settlement of Athens County, in which is kept a post office.

Long Reach, a remarkably long, straight portion of the Ohio River, stretching 17 miles along the northeastern most borders of Washington County.

Loramie's Fort. [See Fort Loramie.]

Loramie's Creek, is a considerable western water of the Great Miami River, rising in the Indian lands. It runs southwardly, and after crossing the Boundary line, at Loramie's station, it runs a southeasterly direction into the western side of Miami River, just above Piqua. It is navigable for batteaux, about 30 miles.

Lost Creek, a small stream of Miami County, running southwestwardly into the eastern side of Miami River near Livingston.

Lower Sandusky, a small settlement called by that name, about fort Stephenson.

Ludlow's Line, a name given to the line running from the head of Scioto to the source of Little Miami River, dividing the United States lands on the west, from the Virginia military lands on the east.

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Source: The Ohio Gazetteer or Topographical Dictionary, by John Kilbourn, A. M.,
Smith & Griswold Printers, Columbus, Nov. 1816

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