Ohio American History & Genealogy

1816 Ohio Gazetteer
Raccoon to Rutland

Raccoon, a township of Gallia County, containing 510 inhabitants.

Raccoon, a considerable creek, rising in the interior and western parts of Athens County, and running from thence 50 miles in a southwardly by east direction, falls into the west side of the Ohio River 6 miles below Gallipolis. Along the borders of this stream in Athens County, are extensive quarries of stone from which are manufactured burr mill-stones, said to be of a quality equal to the best English burrs. Indeed their credit is already so good, that orders are continually received for them, from most of the western states.

Raccoon Creek, a northern branch of Licking River.

Radnor, a township adjoining Delaware on the northwest.

Ralphsville, a township on the lake shore, at the mouth of Ashtabula River, in Ashtabula County, 11 miles north from Jefferson, and 190 northeastwardly from Columbus.

Randolph, a township of Portage County.

Randolph, a township of Montgomery County, in which are laid off the town plats of York and Uniontown Range, a township of Madison County.

Rattlesnake Fork, a large western branch of Paint creek rising on the confines of Fayette and Green counties; and from thence runs a southeastwardly direction above 30 miles, nearly parallel with the main creek, when it joins Paint just within the eastern borders of Highland County.

Rattlesnake Fork, also a tributary of Eagle creek so called, in Adams County.

Ravenna, a new but flourishing post town and seat of justice for Portage County. It contains the usual county buildings, three mercantile stores, and twenty framed dwelling houses. "It is situated in a township of the same name; in which township there is a large Woollen Manufacture, owned by Tappan and Woodward, and a grist and saw mill, standing on the waters of Cuyahoga River, also a grist and saw mill standing on a branch of the Mahoning. It is a singular fact, that in this township, (which is only five miles square) there are good mill seats, on two streams, one of which empties into the Atlantic through the Gulf of Mexico, and the other through the Gulf of St. Lawrence." It is situated on a southeastern branch of Cuyahoga River; 35 miles southeasterly from Cleveland, 25 north by east from Canton in Stark County, and 140 northeastwardly from Columbus. North latitude 41 11, West longitude 4 18.

Reading, a town of Hamilton County, 8 miles northerly from Cincinnati, on the road toward Dayton, and 107 southwesterly from Columbus.

Reading, a township of Fairfield County.

Recovery Fort [See Ft. Recovery]

Red Oak Creek, a stream putting into the Ohio River, near the southeast corner of Clermont County.

Refugee Tract, a body of 100,000 acres of land granted by Congress to certain individuals who left the British provinces during the revolutionary war, and espoused the cause of freedom. It is a narrow strip of country 4/12 miles broad from north to south, and extending eastwardly from the Scioto River 43 miles. It has the United States XX ranges of military or army lands north, and the XXII ranges of Congress lands south. In the western borders of this tract, is the town of Columbus,

Reily, a township of Butler County.

Reserve, Connecticut, western. [See Connecticut Reserve.]

Richfield, a thriving agricultural township of Ashtabula County, situated on Grand River, immediately south of Austinburg.

Richland, a large county; bounded on the north by Huron, cast by Wayne, south by Knox and Delaware counties, and west by lands to which the Indian title has not yet been extinguished. Owing, however, to a supposition, by the legislature, that the tract of public land in which the county is situated, contained but XX ranges, or from some other cause, a fractional part of the XXIst range of townships 3 miles broad, extends along the whole western limits of the county, between it and the Indian country, and according to the letter of the law, belongs to Delaware county. Richland County is 30 miles square, containing 900 square miles. It contains also a population of 3000 inhabitants, and a valuation of 295,333 dollars. It is divided into the townships of Madison, Jefferson, Troy, Mifflin, Green, Vermillion, Worthington, Bloomingrove, Springfield, and Washington. It has also the five towns of Mansfield, New Lexington, Belville, Trucksville and Perrysville, the first of which is the seat of justice. The county embraces a tract of country high and elevated. The principal streams are numerous branches of Mohiccan creek.

Richland, a township of Guernsey County.

Richland, a township of Fairfield County.

Richland, a township of Clinton County.

Richland, a township of Belmont County.

Richmond, new, a thriving little post town, laid off in 1811, on the west bank of Salt creek, one mile from its mouth, and on the road from Chillicothe to Gallipolis. It contains several mills, advantageously situated on the falls of the creek adjoining the town, two stores, and between 50 and 40 dwelling houses. It is situated in Jefferson Township, Ross County, 14 miles southeastwardly from Chillicothe and 58 southerly from Columbus.

Ridgefield, a township of Huron County.

Ridgeville, a township of Cuyahoga County.

Ripley, a post town of Clermont, County.

Robert's Line, one of the two contested lines of demarkation between the United States lands in the western parts of the Ohio, and Virginia military tract, running from the head of Little Miami to the source of Scioto River.

Rock Creek, a stream rising near the southern confines of Ashtabula County; and from thence riming northwardly 11 or 12 miles into Richfield Township, and then westerly 3 miles into the east side of Grand River.

Rocky River, a northern rivulet rising in Medina County and running northerly 30 miles across Cuyahoga County, into the southern side of Lake Erie, at the town of Granger.

Rootstown, a township of Portage County. Rome, a township of Athens County.

Ross, a large and wealthy interior county. It is bounded on the north by Pickaway and Fairfield, east by Athens, south by Jackson and Pike, and west by Highland and Fayette counties. It is 46 miles long from east to west, and 22 broad from north to south; containing above 900 square miles. It includes a population exceeding 16,000 inhabitants; and a valuation of 3,681,639 dollars. It contains the four towns of Chillicothe which is the county seat, Adelphi, Richmond and Bainbridge. It is also divided into the fifteen townships of Deerfield, Union, Scioto, Huntington, Jefferson, Harrison, Springfield, Franklin, Mifflin, Paxton, Buckskin, Twin, Concord, Green, and Colerain. The land is generally fertile, and suitably diversified with meadow and upland the latter of which is peculiarly well adapted to the production of grain. The principal waters are Scioto River, Deer, Paint, Kinnikinnick, Little Walnut, and Salt creeks.

Ross, a township of Jefferson County.

Ross, a township of Green County.

Ross, a township of Butler County.

Rossville, a town of Butler County, on the west hank of Miami River, opposite Hamilton; containing three mercantile stores.

Round Bottom, [See Charlestown.]

Roundheadstown, the name given to an Indian settlement at the head of Scioto River; 35 miles north by west from Urbana.

Roxbury, a township of Washington County.

Royalton, a small town of Amanda township in Fairfield County, 10 miles westerly from Lancaster.

Rush Creek, a stream rising in the eastern part of Fairfield County, and running thence in a southwestwardly direction into Hockhocking River, 7 miles below Lancaster.

Rush Creek, also the name of a township in Fairfield County.

Rutland, a post township in Gallia County, containing 340 inhabitants.

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Source: The Ohio Gazetteer or Topographical Dictionary, by John Kilbourn, A. M.,
Smith & Griswold Printers, Columbus, Nov. 1816

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